The rise of open access journals and other changes in publishing models have reshaped how scholars use and share journal articles. Predatory/vanity publishing did not originate with the author-pays model of some open access publications, and predatory practices are not exclusive to open access publishers. Even traditional subscription journals should be carefully evaluated before an author submits an article for publication.
Evaluation of journals and publishers does require some investigative effort, so put on your detective cap! This guide presents some basic—and some not-so-basic—questions you should ask yourself before risking your reputation on a questionable journal. The next page of this guide provides a downloadable rubric and scoring sheet designed to aid in the evaluation process.
Common practices of predatory and hijacked journals include: