When doing research and writing for your college courses, you will be expected to cite your sources. To learn more about citing sources, visit our Citing Sources Guide.
Common Questions about Citation Styles
A citation is a reference to a published source. In other words, in your own paper, you are acknowledging that you found this information published somewhere, by someone else.
Citing your sources is important for three reasons:
1. It gives credit to the person whose idea it is you are referencing
2. It leads readers to your sources
3. It helps you avoid plagiarism.
When you find information in another source, whether it is from a newspaper, a magazine, an academic journal, or from an online resource, someone else has published it, which means that essentially that person "owns" the information and the ideas (i.e., "intellectual property"). Not giving that person credit when you borrow their ideas or words is called plagiarism, and that is a very serious academic infraction. For more information, see the tab about plagiarism in our Citing Sources Guide.
The type of citation style that is best for your assignment depends on several factors, including which discipline your course is in, and your instructor's preferences. Certain majors or professional fields use certain styles. Your instructor should be able to give you an idea of which style would be most appropriate for your assignment.
Again, to learn more about citing sources, visit our Citing Sources Guide.