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Basic Research

Research is a multistep process. The UMSL library provides many kinds of resources.

Citation Resources

The Public Service Desk has copies of the latest editions of several major style manuals, including the APA, MLA and Chicago guides.

If you are using one of the databases, many of them have citation help and suggested formatting built-in. If you have trouble you are welcome to ask a librarian for help.

With any tool that generates a citation for you, always check the suggested formatting for things like capitalization and punctuation. Some database citations need minor corrections to comply with the style requirements.

The following sites are helpful citation resources.

  • OWL (Purdue University) Research and Citation Resources
  • Knight Cite (Calvin College) Build citations in APA, MLA, and Chicago styles
  • Chicago Manual of Style (Quick Guide)
  • The American Anthropological Association no longer produces the AAA Style Guide. They recommend the use of the Chicago Manual of Style (Author-Date) style (see link above).
  • Scientific Style and Format (Quick Guide)
  • Citation (Duke University)
  • Citation (Long Island University)

Medical / Biomedical Citations:

Citation Managers

There are many different software packages designed to help manage your citations.  Here are a few suggestions:

    • EndNote Basic is a web-only version of the full EndNote manager and is free for campus users after you create an account.
    • Zotero is open source software available as a standalone application or browser plug-in that works with Encore.
    • RefWorks (formerly Flow) from ProQuest. Flow users can use their existing logins with the new RefWorks.
    • If you primarily work with EBSCO's EBSCOhost databases, try their Folderssystem.  However, it does not work as well for managing EBSCO resources.

Microsoft Word

  • For bigger projects, other tools may be more suitable

Remember to backup your paper, including the citations, especially when working on large projects. If you are working on large, long-term projects, you may wish to consider using a standalone reference manager instead of a free web-based product.

For technical support, contact the developers. The Libraries cannot provide technical support for these products.

Related Resources

Mathematics and Writing Academic Center (Room 222 SSB)

The Division of Student Affairs has a helpful list of additional services.